The service aims to provide academies with the means of discharging their duties under the the Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999 (IRR99), made under the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974, which came into force on 1 January 2001. They require an employer to ensure that radioactive substances are accounted for, stored properly, handled safely and monitored regularly. The employer must provide employees with appropriate information and instruction in radiation protection to ensure their health and safety. An academy is the radiation employer. The academy can subscribe to Radiation Protection services through the local authority’s membership of the Radiation Protection Advice Service provided by the Health Protection Agency (HPA).